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RSHE - Relationships, Sex & Health Education



PSHE (Personal, Social, Health Education) helps pupils to develop the knowledge, skills and attributes they need to manage many of the critical opportunities, challenges and responsibilities they will face as they grow up and in adulthood.





At the Churchill Primary School we are committed to ensuring that the emotional and social needs of all our children are met within our school setting. PSHE is at the core of what we do and enables our children to become independent, confident, healthy and responsible members of society, as well as developing the “whole child” intellectually, morally, socially and spiritually. As a school, we believe that children are all individuals and therefore, we aim to encourage mutual respect, responsibility and foster self-esteem in a happy and caring atmosphere. We have invested in a programme for PSHE called Jigsaw. Jigsaw PSHE is a comprehensive Scheme of Work for the whole Primary School from Reception through to Year 6. It brings together PSHE Education, emotional literacy, social skills and spiritual development in a comprehensive scheme of learning. SMSC (Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural) development opportunities are mapped throughout.  With an ever-changing society, we are able to provide our children with a strong understanding of the diverse world and support them to reach their potential as individuals, and within the local and global community. 



The Jigsaw scheme is based upon a whole school approach to PSHE which is progressive and sequential. Every year group works on the same theme each half term; this enables the learning message to be reinforced through whole school activities, such as assemblies, allowing for themes to be shared and celebrated.

Mindfulness activities are key components of the Jigsaw PSHE lessons. The children reflect on their experiences and understand how they are developing personally and socially, tackling issues that are part of growing up. The Jigsaw PSHE lessons help the children develop their self-belief, realise their value and encourages them to become increasingly responsible for their own learning. In addition, the children develop an understanding of their place within the wider community, and are taught how to resolve conflicts, develop collaboration skills and respect for others.


There are six jigsaw puzzle pieces of learning – Being me in my world, Celebrating differences, Dreams and Goals, Healthy me, Relationships and Changing me.  All of these pieces of learning are brought together to form a cohesive picture, helping children to know and value who they are and understand how they relate to other people of the world.



Children will be able to demonstrate and apply the British Values of Democracy, Tolerance, Mutual Respect, Rule of Law and Liberty. They will also demonstrate a healthy outlook towards school and this is evident in the good behaviour seen across the school, both in the school and the playground. Pupil's voice is used to measure children’s understanding. The enhancements mean that Jigsaw, the mindful approach to PSHE, will acquire our children with the skills to have an understanding of the world, their ability to communicate their feelings understand and have the skills to cope with issues like internet safety and body image. We also acquire the children of The Churchill School, an understanding, and experiences of British values that are necessary if they are to make sense of their experiences, value themselves, respect other, appreciate differences and feel confident and informed as a British citizen. 




**As a parent you have the right to withdraw your child from all or some of the sex education delivered as part of RSE.**


An important part of the Jigsaw PSHE programme is delivered through the 'Relationships' and 'Changing Me' puzzle pieces which are covered in the summer term.


There are four main aims of teaching RSE:


  • To enable children to understand and respect their bodies
  • To help children develop positive and healthy relationships appropriate to their age and development
  • To support children to have positive self-esteem and body image
  • To empower them to be safe and safeguarded.


Each year group will be taught appropriate to their age and developmental stage. At no point will a child be taught something that is inappropriate; and if a question from a child arises and the teacher feels it would be inappropriate to answer, (for example, because of its mature or explicit nature), this information with be shared with you by your child’s class teacher. The question will not be answered to the child or class if it is outside the remit of that year group’s programme.


Below is a summary of RSE coverage within the Jigsaw scheme for each year group:


Foundation Stage - Growing up: how we have changed since we were babies


Year 1 - Boys’ and girls’ bodies; naming body parts


Year 2 - Boys’ and girls’ bodies; body parts and respecting privacy (which parts of the body are private and why this is).


Year 3 - How babies grow and how boys’ and girls’ bodies change as they grow older.


Year 4 - Internal and external reproductive body parts, body changes in girls and menstruation.


Year 5 - Puberty for boys and girls, and conception.


Year 6 - Puberty for boys and girls and understanding conception to birth of a baby


Further information about how the school approaches the teaching of Relationships and Sex Education through the Jigsaw programme can be found within the documents listed below:

What does Jigsaw teach about LGBTQ relationships?


Jigsaw is a complete scheme of work for Personal, Social, Health Education (PSHE) covering the entire PSHE curriculum. Only a very small number of these lessons in the entire scheme have any focus upon LGBTQ issues. Jigsaw’s philosophy is about inclusion and valuing all children. Relationships lessons focus on respect and regard between people e.g. friendships and families. Any reference to adult relationships, whether LGBTQ or heterosexual people is NOT describing sexual activity as this would be inappropriate.

For further information about The Jigsaw programme please visit the school website, if you have any questions about RSE please speak to your child’s class teacher or Nicola Blanchet, Assistant Headteacher.


Parents have a right to withdraw their children from all or any part of Sex Education aspect of RSE if they wish to do so, but not from the biological aspects of human growth and reproduction provided under the National Curriculum for science. Parents do not have to give reasons for withdrawing their child but must inform the PSHE Leader Zoe Warren. Requests for withdrawal should be put in writing, making it clear which aspects of the programme they do not wish their child to participate in.